Bibliography 2001 – present

A list of scientific publications with “significant” radar-entomology (RE) content.

Publications with only a small amount of RE material have generally been included, unless the RE content is entirely derivative (i.e. it also appears in a publication that is included in the list); publications focussing on RE are included even if they are entirely derivative. With the exception of four very early (1947-1948) notes, publications on “dot angels” or “clear-air echo” are included only if the source of reflectivity is positively identified as insects. Inevitably, some publications are borderline on one or more of these criteria. Apart from one or two early examples of historical interest, ordinary (short) abstracts of conference talks are not included; ‘extended abstracts’ (2-4 pp.) are regarded as conference publications and included.

The publications listed here almost all fall into two broad categories: those written by and for entomologists, and focussing on insect behaviours; and those written by and for radar meteorologists, and focussing on insects as one source of the echo that weather radars detect. Since the mid-1990s, there has been renewed interest among radar meteorologists in insects and other biological material as sources of atmospheric reflectivity. In many papers written by radar meteorologists, material on insects is confined to one or two paragraphs and/or one or two figures. TREWS aims to include the more important of these, but papers in which material on insect echoes is very limited will generally be omitted. Rather similarly, since about 2010 radar entomology has started to be subsumed within a broader discipline of ‘radar aeroecology’ covering also bird and bat observations; some publications that are primarily concerned with vertebrate targets contain enough material on insects to warrant inclusion here.

A small number of papers describe uses of microwave technology in rather different entomological applications, for example hand-held devices for relocating tagged insects or insects within burrows, and actographs for laboratory bioassays of insect behaviour. These papers have been included to give an indication of the breadth of entomological applications of radar and microwave technology, but such topics are not the focus of TREWS and it is not intended to continue including publications on them indefinitely.

Myres (1970) and Greneker & Corbin (1978) are earlier bibliographies of this topic. Plank (1956), Riley (1980, 1989a, 1989c), Vaughn (1985), Chapman et al. (2004), and Chapman et al. (2011) have reviewed different aspects of it, while Reynolds et al. (1997) review it (and some alternatives) as a methodology for practising entomologists. Reynolds et al. (2017), Drake & Bruderer (2017), and Noskov et al. (2021) are more recent reviews, the last incorporating literature up to 2020. Drake & Farrow (1988) and Burt and Pedgley (1997) are reviews of the biometeorology of insect migration that draw heavily on the literature of radar entomology. Drake & Reynolds (2012) is a monograph extending over all aspects of radar entomology and the insect migratory and flight behaviours revealed through its use.

Where papers are available online and are open access, this is indicated in the entry – either by providing a ‘doi’ or a direct link. (To use the doi, copy it to the search field of your browser.) These indications are found mainly for recent papers. Some older papers may now also be freely downloadable, as many journals make all their content open access after 5 or 10 years; however, no attempt has been made to systematically identify these.

Publications are listed chronologically (alphabetically by author within year). The icons denote the type of publication – journal paper, book chapter, etc.

To search for a particular author, keyword, etc., use your browser’s “search” or “find” command.

Note. The entry of the form “ANnnnnn” or “NIB” at the end of each reference is an internal serial number required for authoring and maintenance purposes. It should be ignored.

Missing information is indicated by “***”.

List of publications in chronological order

For earlier contributions see page Bibliography up to 2000


 Boiteau,G, Colpitts,B 2001 Electronic tags for the tracking of insects in flight: effect of weight on flight performance of adult Colorado potato beetles. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 100:187-193. AN02442

 Drake, VA, Gregg, PC, Harman, IT, Wang, H-K, Deveson, ED, Hunter, DM, Rochester, WA 2001 Characterizing insect migration systems in inland Australia with novel and traditional methodologies. Pp. 207-233 in Insect Movement: Mechanisms and Consequences (IP Woiwod, DR Reynolds, & CD Thomas, eds) CAB International, Wallingford, UK. AN02436

Khandwalla, A, Sekelsky, SM, Li, L., Bergada, M 2001 Theory and observations between Ka-band and W-band to explain scattering differences from insects. Eleventh ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Atlanta, Georgia, March 19-23, 2001. Available online at <>. AN03070

 Martner,BE, Moran,KP 2001 Using cloud radar polarization mesurements to evaluate stratus cloud and insect echoes. J. Geophysical Res. 106(D5):4891-4897. AN02389

 Riley,JR, Osborne,JL 2001 Flight trajectories of foraging insects: observations using harmonic radar. Pp. 129-157 in Insect Movement: Mechanisms and Consequences (IP Woiwod, DR Reynolds, & CD Thomas, eds) CAB International, Wallingford, UK. AN02433

 Russell,RW, Wilson,JW 2001 Spatial dispersion of aerial plankton over east-central Florida: aeolian transport and coastline concentrations. International Journal of Remote Sensing 22(11):2071-2082. AN02388

 Svensson,G, Valeur,PG, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Riley,JR, Baker,TC, Poppy,GM, Lofstedt,C 2001 Mating disruption in Agrotis segetum monitored by harmonic radar. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 101:111-121. AN02487

 Weber,F, Heimbach,U 2001 Behavioural, reproductive and developmental seasonality in Carabus auronitens and Carabus nemoralis (Col., Carabidae). A demographic comparison between two co-existing spring breeding populations and tests for intra- and interspecific competition and for synchronizing weather events. Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin und Braunschweig report 382, 194 pp. Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft Berlin und Braunschweig: Berlin, Germany. AN03538

 Wu,KM, Cheng,DF, Xu,G, Zhai,BP, Guo,YY 2001 Radar observation of autumn migration of insects in Northern China. Acta Ecologica Sinica 21:1833-1838. [In Chinese, English summary.] AN02637

 Zhai,BP 2001 Entomological radar: from research to practice. Journal of Remote Sensing
5(3):231-240. [In Chinese, English summary.] AN02394


 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Riley,JR, Pedgley,DE, Woiwod,IP 2002 High-altitude migration of the diamondback moth Plutella xylostella to the U.K.: a study using radar, aerial netting, and ground trapping. Ecological Entomology 27:641-650. AN02548

 Chapman,JW, Smith,AD, Woiwod,IP, Reynolds,DR, Riley,JR 2002 Development of vertical-looking radar technology for monitoring insect migration. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 35:95-110. AN02533

 Cheng,DF, Wu,KM, Tian,Z, Wen,LP, Shen,ZR 2002 Acquisition and analysis of migration data from the digitised display of a scanning entomological radar. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 35:63-75. AN02531

Dean, TJ, Drake, VA 2002 Properties of biotic targets observed with an X-band radar profiler and the potential for bias in winds retrieved from Doppler weather radars. Pp. 698-711 in Images to Information. Proceedings, 11th Australasian Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry Conference, 2-6 September 2002, Brisbane. Causal Productions: Adelaide. AN02545

Dean, TJ, Drake, VA, Harman, IT 2002 Monitoring agicultural insect pests and winds in the lower atmosphere using a low-cost mobile X-band profiling radar. Pp. 454-456 in Physics and Industry Working Together. Proceedings of the Australian Institute of Physics 15th Biennial Congress, 8-11 July 2002, Sydney. Australian Institute of Physics: Sydney. AN02547

Dekker,PL, Bajaj,AN, Frasier,SJ 2002 Radar and acoustic observations during VTMX field-campaign. In Preprints, 10th Conference on Mountain Meteorology and MAP Meeting 2002, Park City, Utah, USA, 17-21 June 2002, 4 pp. American Meteorological Society: Boston. AN03227

 Drake,VA 2002 Automatically operating radars for monitoring insect pest migrations. Entomologia Sinica 9(4):27-39. AN02558

 Drake,VA, Wang,HK, Harman,IT 2002 Insect monitoring radar: remote and network operation. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 35:77-94. AN02532

 Drake,VA, Harman,IT, Wang,HK 2002 Insect monitoring radar: stationary-beam operating mode. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 35:111-137. AN02534

 Geerts,B, Leon,D, Haimov,S, Damiani,R 2002 Airborne Doppler radar observations of convective plumes and radar ‘fine lines’. (Extended Abstract, 14 pp.) in Proceedings of the 2nd European Conference on Radar Meteorology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-22 November 2002. EGS: Delft, The Netherlands. AN02982

Heijnen,SH, Klein-Baltink,H, Russchenberg,HWJ, Verlinde,H, van der Zwan,WF 2002 Boundary layer measurements with a 3GHz FMCW atmospheric profiler. In Preprints, 15th Conf. on Boundary Layer and Turbulence, Wageningen, The Netherlands, 15-18 July 2002, 4 pp. American Meteorological Society: Boston. AN03224

Khandwalla,A, Majurec,N, Sekelsky,SM, Williams,CR, Gage,KS 2002 Characterization of radar boundary layer data collected during the 2001 multi-frequency radar IOP. Twelth ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, St Petersburg, Florida, April 8-12, 2002. Available online at ‹›. AN02599

 Kusunoki,K 2002 A preliminary survey of clear-air echo appearances over the Kanto Plain in Japan from July to December 1997. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 19:1063-1072. AN02546

 McCracken,GF, Westbrook,JK 2002 Bat patrol. Scientists discover that high-flying mammals are bad news for bugs. National Geographic 201(4, April 2002):114-123. AN02491

 Osborne,JL, Loxdale,HD, Woiwod,IP 2002 Monitoring insect dispersal: methods and approaches. Pp. 24-49 in Dispersal Ecology: the 42nd Symposium of the British Ecological Society held at the University of Reading, 2-5 April 2001 (JM Bullock, RE Kenward & RS Hails, eds) Blackwell Science: Malden, USA. AN02610

 Riley,JR, Smith,AD 2002 Design considerations for an harmonic radar to investigate the flight of insects at low altitude. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 35:151-169. AN02536


 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD 2003 Vertical-looking radar: a new tool for monitoring high-altitude insect migration. BioScience 53(5):503-511. AN02568

 Feng,H-Q, Wu,K-M, Cheng,D-F, Guo,Y-Y 2003 Radar observations of the autumn migration of the beet armyworm Spodoptera exigua (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and other moths in northern China. Bulletin of Entomological Research 93:115-124. AN02603

 Ince,T, Frasier,SJ, Muschinski,A, Pazmany,AL 2003 An S-band frequency-modulated continuous-wave boundary layer profiler: Description and initial results. Radio Science 38:1072-1081. AN02900

Khandwalla, A, Sekelsky, SM, Quante, M 2003 Algorithms for filtering insect echoes from cloud radar measurements. Thirteenth ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Broomfield, Colorado, Narch 31-April 4, 2003. Available online at <>. AN02600

 McLaughlin, SA, 2003 A new data acquisition system for the U.S. Army FM-CW radar: still a great way to see half-meter resolution. P1.20 (Extended Abstract, 5 pp.) in Program, 12th Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, 9-13 February 2003, Long Beach, CA. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN02642

 Mikkola,K 2003 Red admirals Vanessa atalanta (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) select northern winds on southwards migration. Entomologica Fennica 14:15-24. AN03026

 Riley,JR, Greggers,U, Smith,AD, Stach,S, Reynolds,DR, Stollhoff,N, Brandt,R, Schaupp,F, Menzel,R 2003 The automatic pilot of honeybees. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 270(5):2421-2424. AN02579

 Riley,JR, Smith,AD, Reynolds,DR 2003 The feasibility of using vertical-looking radar to monitor the migration of brown planthopper and other insect pests of rice in China. Entomologia Sinica 10(1):1-19. AN02567

 Westbrook,JK, Eyster,RS 2003 Nocturnal migrations of cotton insect pests indicated by Doppler radar observations. Pp. 997-1003 in Proceedings of the 2003 Beltwide Cotton Conference, Nashville, TN, USA, 6-10 January 2003. National Cotton Council of America and The Cotton Foundation. Available online at < AN03771


 Boiteau,G, Colpitts,B 2004 The potential of portable harmonic radar technology for the tracking of
beneficial insects. International Journal of Pest Management 50:233-242. AN02608

 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD 2004 Migratory and foraging movements in beneficial insects: a review of radar monitoring and tracking methods. International Journal of Pest Management 50:225-232. AN02607

Cheng,DF, Wu,KM, Tian,Z, Wen,LP, Shen,ZR 2004 A data acquisition and analysis system for the scanning entomological radar. Plant Protection  30(2): 41-46. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN02605

 Colpitts,BG, Boiteau,G 2004 Harmonic radar transceiver design: miniature tags for insect tracking. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 52:2825-2832. AN02638

 Feng,HQ, Wu,KM, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2004a Spring migration and summer dispersal of Loxostege sticticalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and other insects observed with radar in northern China. Environmental Entomology 33:1253-1265. AN02636

 Feng,HQ, Wu,KM, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2004b Northward migration of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and other moths in early summer observed with radar in northern China. Journal of Economic Entomology 97:1874-1883. AN02639

 Gallagher,FW III, Bowers,JF, Laufenberg,EJ, Argenta,EP Jr, Storwold,DP, McLaughlin,SA 2004 Possible detection of insects in an urban environment by a Frequency Modulated-Continuous Wave radar. P8.2 (Extended Abstract, 7 pp.) in Fifth Conference on Urban Environment, Vancouver, B.C., 23-26 August 2004. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN03076

 Harman,IT, Drake,VA 2004 Insect monitoring radar: analytical time-domain algorithm for retrieving trajectory and target parameters. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 43:23-41. AN02598

 Lang,TJ, Rutledge,SA, Stith,JL 2004 Observations of quasi-symmetric echo patterns in clear air with the CSU-CHILL polarimetric radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 21:1182-1189. AN02832

 Mankin,RW 2004 Microwave radar detection of stored-product insects. J. Economic Entomology 97:1168-1173. AN02618

 O’Neal,ME, Landis,DA, Rothwell,E, Kempel,L, Reinhard,D 2004 Tracking insects with harmonic radar: a case study. American Entomologist 50:212-218. AN02651

 Wang,HK, Drake,VA 2004 Insect monitoring radar: retrieval of wingbeat information from conical-scan observation data. Computers and Electronics in agriculture 43:209-222. AN02604

 Williams,DW, Li,G, Gao,R 2004 Tracking movements of individual Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) adults: application of harmonic radar. Environmental Entomology 33:644-649. AN02617

 Zhang,PF, Ryzhkov,A, Zrnić,D 2004 Detection of birds and insects using polarimetric radar observation. P5.13 (Extended Abstract, 5 pp.) in Preprints CD, 11th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, Hyannis, MA, 3-8 October 2004. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN02828


 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D 2005 Spectral polarimetry for identifying and separating mixed biological scatterers. P9R.5 (Extended abstract, 6 pp.) in Preprints CD, 32nd International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Albuquerque, NM, 24-29 October 2005. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN02833

 Brazee,RD, Miller,ES, Reding,ME, Klein,MG, Nudd,B, Zhu,H 2005 A transponder for harmonic radar tracking of the black vine weevil in behavioral research. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers B 48:831-838. AN02864

 Cant,ET, Smith,AD, Reynolds,DR, Osborne,JL 2005 Tracking butterfly flight paths across the landscape with harmonic radar. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 272:785-790. AN02645

 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AS, Riley,JR, Telfer,MG, Woiwod,IP 2005 Mass aerial migration in the carabid beetle Notiophilus biguttatus. Ecological Entomology 30:264-272. AN02654

 Dean,TJ, Drake,VA 2005 Monitoring insect migration with radar: the ventral-aspect polarization pattern and its potential for target identification. International Journal of Remote Sensing 26:3957-3974. AN02696

 Drake, VA 2005 Radar interrogation of high-flying insects: what bug is that? 4 pp. in 16th National Congress 2005 Australian Institute of Physics Congress Proceedings CD-ROM (M. Colla, ed.). Australian Institute of Physics: Sydney. AN02640

 Feng,HQ, Wu,KM, Ni,YX, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2005a High-altitude windborne transport of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in mid-summer in northern China. Journal of Insect Behaviour 18:335-349. AN02652

 Feng,HQ, Wu,KM, Ni,YX, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2005b Return migration of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) during autumn in northern China. Bulletin of Entomological Research 95:361-370. AN02697

 Geerts,B, Miao,Q 2005a Airborne radar observations of the flight behavior of small insects in the atmospheric convective boundary layer. Environmental Entomology 34:361-377. AN02647 [A parallel paper by the same authors, Environmental Entomology 34:353-360, develops a model accounting for the observations.]

 Geerts,B, Miao,Q 2005b The use of millimeter Doppler radar echoes to estimate vertical air velocities in the fair-weather convective boundary layer. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 22:225-246. AN02653

 Menzel,R, Greggers,U, Smith,AD, Berger,S, Brandt,R, Brunke,S, Bundrock,G, Hülse,S, Plümpe,T, Schaupp,F, Schüttler,E, Stach,S, Stindt,J, Stollhoff,N, Watzl,S 2005 Honey bees navigate according to a map-like spatial memory. Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences, USA 102:3040-3045. AN02648

 Reynolds,DR, Chapman,JW, Edwards,AS, Smith,AD, Wood,CR, Barlow,JF, Woiwod,IP 2005 Radar studies of the vertical distribution of insects migrating over southern Britain: the influence of temperature inversions on nocturnal layer concentrations. Bulletin of Entomological Research 95:259-274. AN02650

 Riley,JR 2005 Waggle dance controversy resolved by radar records of bee flight paths. Bee World 86(2):46-47. AN02659

 Riley,JR, Greggers, U, Smith, AD, Reynolds, DR & Menzel, R 2005 The flight paths of honeybees recruited by the waggle dance. Nature 435:205-7. AN02649


 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D 2006 Spectral polarimetric VAD separates bird from insect (wind) velocities. P2.3, p. 96 (4 pp.) in Proceedings of ERAD 2006, Fourth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Barcelona, Spain, 18-22 September 2006. Publisher unknown: place of publication unknown. Available online at <>. AN02831

 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Brooks,SJ, Smith,AD, Woiwod,IP 2006 Seasonal variation in the migration strategies of the green lacewing Chrysoperla carnea species complex. Ecological Entomology 31:378-388. AN02825

 Feng,HQ, Wu,KM, Ni,YX, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2006 Nocturnal migration of dragonfiles over the Bohai Sea in northern China. Ecological Entomology 31:511-520. AN02815

 Geerts,B, Damiani,R, Haimov,S 2006 Finescale vertical structure of a cold front as revealed by an airborne Doppler radar. Monthly Weather Review 134:251-271. AN02998

 Hobbs,SE, Aldhous,AC 2006 Insect ventral radar cross-section polarisation dependence measurements for radar entomology. IEE Proceedings – Radar, Sonar and Navigation 153:502-508. AN02838

 Miao,Q, Geerts, B, LeMone, M 2006 Vertical velocity and buoyancy characteristics of coherent echo plumes in the convective boundary layer, detected by a profiling airborne radar. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 45:838-855. AN03314

 Milius,S 2006 The trouble with chasing a bee. Radar struggles to track backyard bugs. Science News 169:23-28. AN02846

 Wood,CR, Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Barlow,JF, Smith,AD, Woiwod,IP 2006 The influence of the atmospheric boundary layer on nocturnal layers of noctuids and other moths migrating over southern Britain. International Journal of Biometeorology 50:193-204. AN02824

 Weiss,CC, Bluestein,HB, Pazmany,AL 2006 Finescale radar observations of the 22 May 2002 dryline during the International H2O Project (IHOP). Monthly Weather Review 134:273-293. AN03650

 Wu,KM, Zhai,BP, Feng,HQ, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2006 Radar observations on the migratory behavior of the second generation cotton bollworm moths in the north part of northern China. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica 33(2):163–167. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03831

 Zhang,PF, Ryzhkov,A, Zrnić,D 2006 Polarimetric prototype of the WSR-88D radar observation of birds and insects. P6.4 (Extended Abstract, 10 pp.) in Preprints CD, 12th Conference on Aviation, Range, and Aerospace Meteorology, Atlanta, GA, 28 January-3 February 2006. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. [A shorter version also appeared as paper 9R.6 in Preprints CD, 32nd Conference on Radar Meteorology, Albuquerque, NM, 22-29 October 2006. American Meteorological Society: Boston, MA.] AN02826

 Zhang,YH, Cheng,DF, Jiang,B, Chen,L, Qiao,HB 2006 Vertical-looking radar and its application. Pp. 642-646 in Science and Technology Innovation and Protection of the Unpolluted Plant (ZM Cheng, ed.) Agricultural Scientech &Technology Press: Beijing, China. [In Chinese.] AN02870


 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, 2007 Spectral density of polarimetric variables separating biological scatterers in the VAD display. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24:1186-1198. AN02879

 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, 2007 Adaptive technique to extract intrinsic insects’ backscater differential phase from polarimetric spectra. 11B.3 (Extended abstract, 6 pp.) in Preprints CD, 33rd International Conference on Radar Meteorology, Cairns, Queensland, Australia, 6-10 August 2007. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN03221

 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, 2007 Spectral densities of polarimetric variables for retreiving winds and determining scatterer types. P2.13 (Extended abstract, 4 pp.) in Preprints CD, 23rd Conference on Interactive Information Processing Systems (IIPS) for Meteorology, Oceanography and Hydrology, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 15-18 January 2007. American Meteorological Society: Boston. Available online at <>. AN03224

 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, DeBrunner,V, 2007 Polarimetric azimuthal spectral histogram exposes types of mixed scatterers and the cause for unexpected polarimetric averages. IV-113 in Proceedings, 2007 International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2007, San Antonio, Texas, USA, 16-19 September 2007. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. Available online at <>. AN03220

 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, DeBrunner,V, Yeary, M, 2007 Spectral analysis of polarimetric weather radar data with multiple processes in a resolution volume. II-309 in Proceedings, 2007 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA, 15-20 April 2007. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. Available online at <>. AN03219

 Contreras,RF, Frasier,SJ 2007 Return from insects in the clear-air convective boundary layer. Pp. 1677-1679 in Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), 23-27 July 2007, Barcelona, Spain. IEEE: place of publication unknown. AN02892

 Dean,TJ, 2007 Development and Evaluation of Automated Radar Systems for Monitoring and Characterising Echoes from Insect Targets. PhD thesis, School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW@ADFA, University of New South Wales. AN03402

 Feng,HQ, Zhang,YH, Wu,KM, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2007 Nocturnal windborne migration of ground beetles, particularly Pseudoophonus griseus (Coleoptera: Carabidae), in China. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 9:103-113. AN02871

 Hardersen,S 2007 Telemetry of Anisoptera after emergence – first results (Odonata). Journal of Odonatology 10:189-202 and plate 1. AN02881

 Martin,WJ, Shapiro,A 2007 Discrimination of bird and insect radar echoes in clear air using high-resolution radars. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24:1215-1230. AN02861

 Riley,JR, Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD 2007 Recent applications of radar to entomology. Outlooks on pest management 2007(April):62-68. AN02857

 Reynolds,AM, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Svensson,GP, Löfstedt,C 2007a Appetitive flight patterns of male Agrotis segetum moths over landscape scales. Journal of Theoretical Biology 245:141-149. AN02849

 Reynolds,AM, Smith,AD, Menzel,R, Greggers,U, Reynolds,DR, Riley,JR 2007b Displaced honey bees perform optimal scale-free search flights. Ecology 88(8):1955-1961. AN02859

 Reynolds,AM, Smith,AD, Reynolds,DR, Carreck,NL, Osborne, JL 2007c Honeybees perform optimal scale-free searching flights when attempting to locate a food source. Journal of Experimental Biology 210:3763-3770. [This paper was awarded the journal’s “Outstanding Paper Prize for 2007”.] AN02680.

 Wood,CR, 2007 The Biometeorology of High-Altitude Insect Layers. PhD thesis, University of Reading. AN03488

 Zhang,YH, Qiao,HB, Cheng,DF, Sun,JR 2007a Primary application of vertical-looking radar to tracking high-flying insects in China. Plant Protection [China] 33(3):23-26. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN02868

 Zhang,YH, Chen,L, Cheng,DF, Zhang,YJ, Jiang,YY, Jiang,JW 2007b Radar observation and population analysis on the migration of the clover cutworm, Scotogramma trifoli Rottembert (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Acta Entomologica Sinica 50:494-500. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN02869


 Bachmann,S, Zrnić,D, 2008 Three-dimensional attributes of clear-air scatterers observed with the polarimetric weather radar. IEEE Geosciences and Remote Sensing Letters 5:231-235. AN03217

 Bennett,LJ, Blyth,AM, Browning,KA, Norton,EG, 2008 Observations of the development of convection through a series of stable layers during the Convective Storm Initiation Project. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 134:2079-2091. AN03421

 Chapman,JW, Nesbit,RL 2008 Mysteries of Lepidoptera migration revealed by entomological radar. Atropos 35:28-36. AN03039

 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Mouritsen,H, Hill,JK, Riley,JR, Sivell,D, Smith,AD, Woiwod,IP 2008a Wind selection and drift compensation optimize migratory pathways in a high-flying moth. Current Biology 18:514-518. Also Supplemental Data, 5pp. AN02989. See also commentary by RT Cardé (2008) Insect migration: do migrant moths know where they are heading? Current Biology 18:R472-R474. AN02990

 Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Hill,JK, Sivell,D, Smith,AD, Woiwod,IP 2008b A seasonal switch in compass orientation in a high-flying migrant moth. Current Biology 18:R908-R909. AN02980. See also commentary by RT Cardé (2008) Animal migration: seasonal reversals of migrant moths. Current Biology 18:R1007-R1009. AN02991

 Contreras,RF, Frasier,SJ 2008 High-resolution observations of insects in the atmospheric boundary layer. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 25:2176-2187. AN03042

 Feng,HQ, Zhao,XC, Wu,XF, Wu,B, Wu,KM, Cheng,DF, Guo,YY 2008 Autumn migration of Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Nocutidae) over the Bohai Sea in Northern China. Environmental Entomology 37:774-781. AN02955

 Gao,YB, Chen,X, Chen,ZR, Bao,YX, Yang,RM, Liu,TL, Zhai,BP 2008 Dynamic analysis on the migration of the rice leaf roller Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) by Doppler Insect Monitoring Radar and numerical simulation. Acta Ecologica Sinica 28(12):1-10. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN02997

 Gauthreaux,SA, Livingston,JWJr, Belser,CG 2008 Detection and discrimination of fauna in the aerosphere using Doppler weather surveillance radar. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48:12-23. AN02957

 Jackson,PL, Straussfogel,D, Lindgren,BS, Mitchell,S, Murphy,B 2008 Radar observation and aerial capture of mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopk. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in flight above the forest canopy. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38:2313-2327. doi:10.1139/X08.066 AN03592

 Kusunoki,K, Chagihira,T, Motodate,Y, Aoshima,T, Kobayashi,H, Taka,F, Mawashi,F, Hirakawa,Y, Kiyota,H 2008 A climatology of clear-air echoes from operational C-band Doppler radar in Japan. (Extended Abstract, 5 pp.) In ERAD 2008 – The Fifth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June – 4 July 2008. Finnish Meteorological Institute: Helsinki. Available online AN02985

 Leskinen,M 2008 Observed polarimetric signals of insects. (Extended Abstract, 5 pp.) In ERAD 2008 – The Fifth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June – 4 July 2008. Finnish Meteorological Institute: Helsinki. Available online AN02982

 Luke, EP, Kollias, P, Johnson,KL, Clothiaux,EE 2008 A technique for the automatic detection of insect clutter in cloud radar returns. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 25:1498-1513. AN03072

 Markkula,I, Ojanen,H, Tiilikkala,K, Raiskio,S, Pylkkö,P, Koistinen,J, Leskinen,M, Ooperi,S 2008 Insect migration case studies by polarimetric radar. (Extended Abstract, 3 pp.) In ERAD 2008 – The Fifth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June – 4 July 2008. Finnish Meteorological Institute: Helsinki. Available online AN02983

 Ovaskainen,O, Smith,AD, Osborne,JL, Reynolds,DR, Carreck,NL, Martin,AP, Niitepõld,K, Hanski,I 2008 Tracking butterfly movements with harmonic radar reveals an effect of population age on movement distance. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 105:19090-19095. AN02993

 Psychoudakis,D, Moulder,W, Chen,C-C, Zhu,H, Volakis, JL 2008 A portable low-power harmonic radar system and conformal tag for insect tracking. IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters 7:444-447. AN03347

 Pylkkö,P, Koistinen,J, Markkula,I, Ojanen,H, Tiilikkala,K, Raiskio,S, Leskinen,M, Ooperi,S 2008 Alarm system for insect migration using weather radars. (Extended Abstract, 3 pp.) In ERAD 2008 – The Fifth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June – 4 July 2008. Finnish Meteorological Institute: Helsinki. Available online AN02986

 Rennie,S, Illingworth,A, Dance,S, Ballard,S 2008 Utilization of Doppler radar wind measurements from insect returns. (Extended Abstract, 5 pp.) In ERAD 2008 – The Fifth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June – 4 July 2008. Finnish Meteorological Institute: Helsinki. Available online AN02984

 Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Chapman,JW 2008 A radar study of emigratory flight and layer formation by insects at dawn over southern Britain. Bulletin of Entomological Research 98:35-52. AN02898

 Stringer,IAN, Chappell,R 2008 Possible rescue from extinction: transfer of a rare New Zealand tusked weta to islands in the Mercury group. Journal of Insect Conservation 12:371-382. AN03531

 Wang,HK, 2008 Evaluation of Insect Monitoring Radar Technology for Monitoring Locust Migrations in Inland Eastern Australia. PhD thesis, School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW@ADFA, University of New South Wales. AN03449

 Westbrook,JK 2008 Noctuid migration in Texas within the nocturnal aeroecological boundary layer. Integrative and Comparative Biology 48:99-106. AN02960

 Yang,XL, Chen,L, Cheng,DF, Sun,JR 2008 Primary application of millimetric scanning radar to tracking high-flying insects in southern China. Plant Protection (Beijing) 34(2):31-36. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03018

 Zhang,YH, Chen,L, Cheng,DF, Tian,Z, Jiang,YY, Zhang,YJ 2008 Nocturnal migration of Coleoptera: Carabidae in North China. Scientia Agricultura Sinica 41(1):108-115. [In Chinese, English abstract. Also full English translation available in Agricultural Sciences in China 7(8):977-986 (2008).] AN02969


 Boiteau,G, Meloche,F, Vincent,C, Leskey,TC 2009 Effectiveness of glues used for harmonic radar tag attachment and impact on survival and behavior of three insect pests. Environmental Entomology 38:168-175. AN03052

 Feng,HQ, Wu,XF, Wu,B, Wu,KM 2009 Seasonal migration of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) over the Bohai Sea. Journal of Economic Entomology 102:95-104. AN03050

 Illingworth,A, Rennie,S 2009 Estimating winds using radar returns from insects. (4 pp.) In A. Apituley, H.W.J. Russchenberg, W.A.A. Monna (eds), Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, Delft, The Netherlands, October 2009. Available online AN03295

 Leskinen,M, Moisseev,D, Koistinen,J 2009 Meteorology of insect layers observed by weather radars. (4 pp.) In A. Apituley, H.W.J. Russchenberg, W.A.A. Monna (eds), Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Tropospheric Profiling, Delft, The Netherlands, October 2009. Available online AN03580

 Niitepõld,K, Smith,AD, Osborne,JL, Reynolds,DR, Carreck,NL, Martin,AP, Marden,JH, Ovaskainen,O, Hanski,I 2009 Flight metabolic rate and Pgi genotype influence butterfly dispersal rate in the field. Ecology 90:2223-2232. AN03100

 Reynolds,AM, Swain,JL, Smith,AD, Martin,AP, Osborne,JL 2009 Honeybees use a Lévy flight search strategy and odour-mediated anemotaxis to relocate food sources. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64:115-123. AN03112

 Wood,CR, O’Connor,EJ, Hurley,RA, Reynolds,DR, Illingworth,AJ 2009 Cloud-radar observations of insects in the UK convective boundary layer. Meteorological Applications 16:491-500. AN03130

 Wood,CR, Reynolds,DR, Wells,PM, Barlow,JF, Woiwod,IP, Chapman,JW 2009 Flight periodicity and the vertical distribution of hight-altitude moth migration over southern Britain. Bulletin of Entomological Research 99:525-535. AN03105

 Yang,XH, Henderson,G, Mao,LX, Evans,A 2009 Application of ground penetrating radar in detecting the hazards and risks of termites and ants in soil levees. Environmental Entomology38:1241-1249. AN03125


 Boiteau,G, Vincent,C, Meloche,F, Leskey,TC 2010 Harmonic radar: assessing the impact of tag weight on walking activity of Colorado potato beetle, plum curculio, and western corn rootworm. Journal of Economic Entomology 103:63-69. AN03393

 Chandra,AS, Kollias,P, Giangrande,SE, Klein,SA 2010 Long-term observations of the convective boundary layer using insect radar returns at the SGP ARM climate research facility. Journal of Climate 23:5699-5714. AN03308

 Chapman,JW, Nesbit,RL, Burgin,LE, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Middleton,DR, Hill,JK 2010 Flight orientation behaviors promote optimal migration trajectories in high-flying insects. Science 327:682-685. AN03144

 Chilson,PB, Howard,KW, Frick,WF, Kelly,JF, Kunz,TH 2010 Radar aeroecology: the need for cohesive radar studies of organisms in the aerosphere. (6 pp.) In Proceedings, Sixth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Sibiu, Romania, 6-10 September 2010 (ERAD 2010). Available online AN03583 [Mayflies over Missisippi River.]

 Le Marshall,NWD, Tirkel,AZ 2010 Modified matrix pencil algorithm for termite detection with high resolution radar. Progress in Electromagnetics Research C 16:51-67. Available online AN03518

 Le Marshall,N, Rankin,G, Tirkel,A 2010 Hybrid array for the detection and imaging of termites. Pp. 288-291 in Proceedings, IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium, 10-14 January 2010, New Orleans, LA, USA. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. AN03519

 Leskinen,M, Koistinen,J, Kyheröinen,E-M, Mikkola,K 2010 White nights and night flights. In Proceedings, Sixth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Sibiu, Romania, 6-10 September 2010 (ERAD 2010). 6 pp. Available online AN03558

 Melnikov,V, Leskinen,M, Koistinen,J 2010 Spectral polarimetric parameters of radar signals from atmospheric biota. In Proceedings, Sixth European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, Sibiu, Romania, 6-10 September 2010 (ERAD 2010). 8 pp. Available online AN03557

 Menzel,R, Fuchs,J, Nadler,L, Weiss,B, Kumbischinski,N, Adebiyi,D, Hartfil,S, Greggers,U 2010 Dominance of the odometer over serial landmark learning in honeybee navigation. Naturwissenschaften 97:763-767. AN03149

 Rennie,SJ, Illingworth,AJ, Dance,SL 2010a On differentiating ground clutter and insect echoes from Doppler weather radars using archived data. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 3:1843-1860. AN03297

 Rennie,SJ, Illingworth,AJ, Dance,SL, Ballard,SP 2010b The accuracy of Doppler radar wind retrievals using insects as targets. Meteorological Applications 17:419-432. AN03150

 Reynolds,AM, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Chapman,JW 2010 Orientation cues for high-flying nocturnal insect migrants: do turbulence-induced temperature and velocity fluctuations indicate the mean wind flow? PLoS ONE 5:e15758 (6. pp). AN03257

 Reynolds,AM, Reynolds,DR, Smith,AD, Chapman,JW 2010 A single wind-mediated mechanism explains high-altitude ‘non-goal oriented’ headings and layering of nocturnally migrating insects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:765-772. AN03289

 Viikari,V, Chisum,J, Seppa,H 2010 Wireless passive photo detector for insect tracking. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters 52(10):2312-2315. AN03487

 Wood,CR, Clarke,SJ, Barlow,JF, Chapman,JW 2010 Layers of nocturnal insect migrants at high-altitude: the influence of atmospheric conditions on their formation. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 12:113-121. AN03142


 Ainslie,B, Jackson,PL 2011 Investigation into mountain pine beetle above-canopy dispersion using weather radar and an atmospheric dispersion model. Aerobiologia 27:51-65. doi:10.1007/s10453-010-9176-9 AN03719

 Alerstam,T, Chapman,JW, Bäckman,J, Smith,AD, Karlsson,H, Nilsson,C, Reynolds,DR, Klaassen,RHG, Hill,JK 2011 Convergent patterns of long-distance nocturnal migration in noctuid moths and passerine birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278:3074-3080. AN03303

 Aralimarad, P, Reynolds, AM, Lim, KaS, Reynolds, DR, Chapman, JW 2011 Flight altitude selection increases orientation performance in high-flying nocturnal insect migrants. Animal Behaviour 82:1221-1225. AN03311

 Boiteau,G, Vincent,C, Meloche,F, Leskey,TC, Colpitts, BG 2011 Harmonic radar: efficacy at detecting and recovering insects on agricultural host plants. Pest Management Science 67:213-219. AN03394

 Browning, KA, Nicol, JC, Marsham, JH, Rogberg, P, Norton, EG 2011 Layers of insect echoes near a thunderstorm and implications for the interpretation of radar data in terms of airflow. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137:723-735 [‘Early version’ available.]. AN03299

 Chapman,JW, Drake,VA, Reynolds,DR 2011 Recent insights from radar studies of insect flight. Annual Review of Entomology 56:337-356. AN03252

 Dokter,AM, Liechti,F, Stark,H, Delobbe,L, Tabary,P, Holleman,I 2011 Bird migration flight altitudes studied by a network of operational weather radars. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 8:30-43. [Discusses discrimination of bird and insect echo.] AN03212

 Gui,L-Y, Huang,X-Q, Li, C-R 2011 The development and the use of insect harmonic radar. Chinese Journal of Applied Entomology 48:732—738. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03616

 Gui,L-Y, Huang,X-Q, Li, C-R, Boiteau,G 2011 Validation of harmonic radar tags to study movement of Chinese citrus fly. Canadian Entomologist 143:415-422. AN03318

 Le Marshall,NWD, Tirkel,AZ 2011 MIMO radar array for termite detection and imaging. Progress in Electromagnetics Research B 28:75-94. Available online AN03515

 Leskinen,M, Markkula,I, Koistenen,J, Pylkko,P, Ooperi,S, Siljamo,P, Ojanen,H, Raisko,S, Tiilikkala,K 2011 Pest insect immigration warning by an atmospheric dispersion model, weather radars and traps. Journal of Applied Entomology 135:55-67. AN03143

 Lothon,M, Campistron,B, Chong,M, Couvreux,F, Guichard,F, Rio,C, Williams,E 2011 Life cycle of a mesoscale circular gust front observed by a C-band Doppler radar in West Africa. Monthly Weather Review 139:1370-1388. doi:10.1175/2010MWR3480.1 AN03551

Matkovich,C, 2011 Radar aeroecology: mesoscale nocturnal avian migration and using radar cross section to distinguish among target types. MSc thesis, Department of Biology, Acadia University, Canada. 102 pp. AN03690

 Menzel,R, Kirbach,A, Haass,WD, Fischer,B, Fuchs,J, Koblofsky,M, Lehmann,K, Reiter,L, Meyer,H, Nguyen,H, Jones,S, Norton,P, Greggers,U 2011 A common frame of reference for learned and communicated vectors in honeybee navigation. Current Biology 21:645-650. AN03320

 Rennie,S, Dance,SL, Illingworth,AJ, Ballard,SP, Simonin,D 2011 3D-var assimilation of insect-derived Doppler radar radial winds in convective cases using a high-resolution model. Monthly Weather Review 139:1148-1163. AN03307

 Tahir,N,Brooker,G 2011 Recent developments and recommendations for improving harmonic radar tracking systems. Pp. 1531-1535 in Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Rome, 11-15 April 2011. IEEE/ European Association on Antennas and Propagation. AN03321

 Wang,RJ, Ovaskainen,O, Cao,YD, Chen,HQ, Zhou,Y, Xu,CR, Hanski,I 2011 Dispersal in the Glanville fritillary butterfly in fragmented versus continuous landscapes: comparison between three methods. Ecological Entomology 36:251-261. AN03296

 Zhu,H, Psychoudakis,D, Brazee,RD, Thistle,HW, Volakis,JL 2011 Capability of patch antennas in a portable harmonic radar systems to track insects. Transactions of the ASABE 54(1):355-362. AN03482


 Beyaert,L, Greggers,U, Menzel,R 2012 Honeybees consolidate navigation memory during sleep. Journal of Experimental Biology 215:3981-3988. AN03675

 Chapman,JW, Bell,JR, Burgin,LE, Reynolds,DR, Pettersson,LB, Hill,JK, Bonsall, MB, Thomas, JA 2012 Seasonal migration to high latitudes results in major reproductive benefits in an insect. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 109(37):14924-14929. AN03327

 Chilson,PB, Bridge,E, Frick,WF, Chapman,JW, Kelly,JF 2012 Radar aeroecology: exploring the movements of aerial fauna through radio-wave remote sensing. Biology Letters 8:698-701. AN03322

 Chilson,PB, Frick,WF, Kelly,JF, Howard,KW, Larkin,RP, Diehl,RH, Westbrook,JK, Kelly, TA, Kunz,TH, 2012 Partly cloudy with a chance of migration: weather, radars, and aeroecology. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93(5):669-686. AN03330

 Chilson,PB, Frick,WF, Stepanian,PM, Shipley,JR, Kunz,TH, Kelly,JF 2012 Estimating animal densities in the aerosphere using weather radar: to Z or not to Z. Ecosphere 3(8): article 72 (19 pp.). AN03329

 Drake,VA, Reynolds,DR 2012 Radar Entomology. Observing Insect Flight and Migration. CABI: Wallingford, UK. 489 pp. AN03383. See publisher’s page <>.

 Gui,L-Y, Boiteau,G, Colpitts,BG, MacKinley,P, McCarthy,PC 2012 Random movement pattern of fed and unfed adult Colorado potato beetles in bare-ground habitat. Agricultural and Forest Entomology 14:59-68. AN03319

 Huang,X-Q, Li,C-R, Wang,F-L, Gui,L-Y 2012 Advances in insect harmonic radar tags. Journal of Environmental Entomology 34:504-514. [In Chinese, English abstract.] doi:10.3969/j.issn.1674-0858.2012.04.16 AN03617

 Hubbert,JC, Dixon,M 2012 Interesting non-meteorological, Dual Polarimetric data from DYNAMO/CINDY over the Indian Ocean. (6 pp.) In ERAD 2012 – the seventh European conference on radar in meteorology and hydrology, Toulouse, France, 25-29 June 2012. Available online at <>. AN03430

Khandwalla, A, Sekelsky, SM, Li, L., Bergada, M 2001 Theory and observations between Ka-band and W-band to explain scattering differences from insects. Eleventh ARM Science Team Meeting Proceedings, Atlanta, Georgia, March 19-23, 2001. Available online at <>. AN03070

 Leskinen,M, Rojas,L, Mikkola,K 2012b Weather radar observations of Underwing moth immigrations to Finland. (5 pp.) In ERAD 2012 – the seventh European conference on radar in meteorology and hydrology, Toulouse, France, 25-29 June 2012. Available online at <>. AN03428

 Leskinen,M, Moisseev,D, Koistinen,J, Markkula,I 2012c Migrating insects observed by weather radar in traps. (4 pp.) In ERAD 2012 – the seventh European conference on radar in meteorology and hydrology, Toulouse, France, 25-29 June 2012. Available online at <>. AN03429

 Leskinen,M, Savijärvi,H, Lautaportti,S, Mikkola,K 2012a Channelling effect of the coastline and radar observed insect migration. (6 pp.) In ERAD 2012 – the seventh European conference on radar in meteorology and hydrology, Toulouse, France, 25-29 June 2012. Available online at <>. AN03426

 Lihoreau,M, Raine,NE, Reynolds,AM, Stelzer,RJ, Lim,KaS, Smith,AD, Osborne,JL, Chittka,L 2012 Radar tracking and motion-sensitive cameras on flowers reveal the development of pollinator multi-destination routes over large spatial scales. PLoS Biology 310(9):e1001392 (13 pp.). AN03392

Machial,LA, Lindgren,BS, Steenweg,RW, Aukema,BH 2012 Dispersal of warren root collar weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in three types of habitat. Environmental Entomology 41(3):578-586. AN03615

 Menzel,R, Lehmann,K, Manz,G, Fuchs,J, Koblofsky,M, Greggers,U 2012 Vector integration and novel shortcutting in honeybee navigation. Apidologie 43:229-243. AN03530

 Rankin,GA, Tirkel,AZ, Bui,LQ, Le Marshall,NWD 2012 Radar imaging: conventional and MIMO. In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Communications and Electronics (ICCE), 1-3 August 2012, Hue, Vietnam, pp. 171-176. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. AN03516

 Rennie, S 2012 Doppler weather radar in Australia. CAWCR Technical Report No. 55, 42 pp. Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research: Melbourne, Australia. AN02428

 Tahir,N,Brooker,G 2012 Millimetre wave band unbiased harmonic transponder. 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Wollongong, Australia, 23-28 September 2012. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. 2 pp. AN03493

 Tahir,N,Brooker,G 2012 Millimetre wave band microstrip patch antennas for harmonic transponders. 37th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Wollongong, Australia, 23-28 September 2012. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. 2 pp. AN03691

Tsai,Z-M, Jau,P-H, Kuo,N-C, Kao,J-C, Lin,K-Y, Chang,F-R, Yang,E-C, Wang,H 2012 A High Range Resolution 9.4/18.8 GHz Harmonic Radar for Bees Searching. Digest, International Microwave Symposium, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 17-22 June 2012. IEEE: Piscataway, New Jersey, USA. 3 pp. NIB00008

Zhang,Z, Zhang,Y-H, Jiang,Y-Y, Shi,B-C, Cheng,D-F, Jiao,R-G 2012 Progress in vertical-looking insect monitoring radar. Acta Entomologica Sinica 55(7):849-859. [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03574


 Bell,JR, Aralimarad,P, Lim,KaS, Chapman,JW,2013 Predicting insect migration density and speed in the daytime convective boundary layer. PLoS ONE 8(1):e54202, 9 pp. AN03386

 Chapman,JW, Lim,KaS, Reynolds,DR 2013 The significance of midsummer movements of Autographa gamma: Implications for a mechanistic understanding of orientation behavior in a migrant moth. Current Zoology 59(3):360-370. AN03467

 Drake,VA 2013 Signal processing for ZLC-configuration insect-monitoring radars: yields and sample biases. In Radar 2013. International Conference on Radar, 9-12 September 2013, Adelaide, South Australia, pp. 298-303. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. AN03418

 Drake,VA, Wang,HK 2013 Recognition and characterization of migratory movements of Australian plague locusts, Chortoicetes terminifera, with an insect monitoring radar. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing 7(1):075095 (17 pp.). doi:10.1117/1.JRS.7.075095 Available online AN03486.

 Greggers,U, Schöning,C, Degen, J, Menzel, R 2013 Scouts behave as streakers in honeybee swarms. Naturwissenschaften 100:805-809. AN03473

 Jeffries,DL, Chapman, Roy,HE, Humphries,S, Harrington,R, Brown,PMJ, Lawson Handley,L-J 2013 Characteristics and drivers of high-altitude ladybird flight: insights from vertical-looking entomological radar. PLOS One 8(12):e82278 (12 pp.). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0082278 AN03555

 Jiang,Y, Xu,Q, Zhang,P, Nai,K, Liu,L 2013 Using WSR-88D polarimetric data to identify bird-contaminated Doppler velocities. Advances in Meteorology 2013:769275 (13 pp.). AN03579

 Lihoreau,M, Raine,NE, Reynolds,AM, Stelzer,RJ, Lim,KaS, Smith,AD, Osborne,JL, Chittka,L 2013 Unravelling the mechanisms of trapline foraging in bees. Communicative and Integrative Biology 6(1):e22701 (4 pp.). AN03584 [Addendum to Lihoreau et al. (2012).]

 Mariam,N, 2013 Towards The Development of Millimetre Wave Harmonic Transponders for Tracking Small Insects. PhD thesis, Australian Centre for Field Robotics, School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Mechatronic Engineering, University of Sydney. AN03481

 Menzel,R, Greggers,U, 2013 Guidance by odors in honeybee navigation. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 199:867-873. AN03514

 Pilkay,GL, Reay-Jones,FPF, Green,JK, 2013 Harmonic radar tagging for tracking movement of Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Environmental Entomology 45:1020-1026. AN03552

 Osborne,JL, Smith,AD, Clark,SJ, Reynolds,DR, Barron,MC, Lim,KaS, Reynolds,AM, 2013 The ontogeny of bumblebee flight trajectories: from naïve explorers to experienced foragers. PLoS ONE 8(11):e78681 (11 pp.) doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078681. Available online AN03553

 Reynolds,AM, Schultheiss,P, Cheng,K, 2013 Are Lévy flight patterns derived from the Weber-Fechner law in distance estimation. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 67:1219-1226. AN03479

 Stefanescu,C, Páramo,F, Åkesson,S, Alarcón,M, Ávila,A, Brereton,T, Carnicer,J, Cassar,LF, Fox,R, Heliölä,J, Hill,JK, Hirneisen,N, Kjellén,N, Kühn,E, Kuussaari,M, Leskinen,M, Liechti,F, Musche,M, Regan,EC, Reynolds,DR, Roy,DB, Ryrholm,N, Schmaljohann,H, Settele,J, Thomas,CD, van Swaay,C, Chapman,JW, 2013 Multi-generational long-distance migration of insects: studying the painted lady butterfly in the Western Palaearctic. Ecography 36(4):474-486. AN03478

 Tsai,Z-M, Jau,P-H, Kuo,N-C, Kao,J-C, Lin,K-Y, Chang,F-R, Yang,E-C, Wang,H, 2013 A high-range-accuracy and high-sensitivity harmonic radar using pulse pseudorandom code for bee searching. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques 61(1):666-675. AN03565

 Zhang,Y-H, Zhang,Z, Li,C-R, Jiang,Y-Y, Zeng,J, Cheng,D-F, 2013 Seasonal migratory behavior of Mythimna separata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Northeast China. Acta Entomologica Sinica 56(12):1418-1429. AN03562


Bluestein,HB, Snyder,JC, Thiem,KJ, Wienhoff,ZB, Reif,D, Turner,D 2014 Doppler-radar observations of a prefrontal wind-shift line in the Southern Plains of the U. S. ERAD 2014 – 8th European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, 1-5 September 2014, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. Abstract 013 MES.P01. ERAD. 7 pp. NIB00011. Available online

 Cheeseman,JF, Millar,CD, Greggers,U, Lehmann,K, Pawley,MDM, Gallistelf,CR, Warman,GR, Menzel,R, 2014 Way-finding in displaced clock-shifted bees proves bees use a cognitive map. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 111(24):8949-54. (doi/10.1073/pnas.1408039111) AN03569

 Drake,VA 2014 Estimation of unbiased insect densities and density profiles with vertically pointing entomological radars. International Journal of Remote Sensing 35(3):4630-4654. AN03570

 Fischer,J, Müller,T, Spatz,A-K, Greggers,U, Grünewald,B, Menzel,R 2014 Neonicotinoids interfere with specific components of navigation in honeybees. PLoS ONE 9(3):e91364. AN03678

 Fu,X, Liu,Y, Li,C, Liu,Y, Li,Y, Wu,K 2014 Seasonal migration of Apolygus lucorum (Hemiptera: Miridae) over the Bohai Sea in northern China. Journal of Economic Entomology 107(4):1399-1410. AN03581

Hannesen,R, Kauczok,S, Weipert,A 2014 Quality of clear-air radar radial velocity data: Do insects matter? ERAD 2014 – 8th European Conference on Radar in Meteorology and Hydrology, 1-5 September 2014, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany. Abstract ID 055. ERAD. 17 pp. AN03639. Available online

Jau,P-H, Tsai,Z-M, Kuo,N-C, Kao,J-C, Lin,K-Y, Chang,F-R, Yang,E-C, Wang,H 2014 Signal processing for harmonic pulse radar based on spread spectrum technology. IET Radar Sonar and Navigation 8(3):242-250. NIB00007

Kissling,WD, Pattemore,DE, Hagen,M 2014 Challenges and prospects in the telemetry of insects. Biological Reviews 89:511-530. doi:10.1111/brv.12065 AN03817

Lee,D-H, Park,C-G, Seo,BY, Boiteau,G, Vincent,C, Leskey,TC 2014 Detectability of Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) by portable harmonic radar in agricultural landscapes. Florida Entomologist 97(3):1131-1138. doi:10.1653/024.097.0320 AN03608

 Melnikov,V, Leskinen,M, Koistinen,J, 2014 Doppler velocities at orthogonal polarizations in radar echoes from insects and birds. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 11(3):592-596. AN03564

 Qi,H, Jiang,C, Zhang,Y, Yang,X, Cheng,D, 2014 Radar observations of the seasonal migration of brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) in Southern China. Bulletin of Entomological Research 104(6):731-741 doi:10.1017/S0007485314000558 AN03585

 Rennie,SJ, 2014 Common orientation and layering of migrating insects in southeastern Australia observed with a Doppler weather radar. Meteorological Applications 21(2):218-229 doi:10.1002/met.1378 AN03461

 Shamoun-Baranes,J, Alves,JA, Bauer,S, Dokter,AM, Hüppop,O, Koistinen,J, Leijnse,H, Liechti,F, van Gasteren,H, Chapman,JW, 2014 Continental-scale radar monitoring of the aerial movements of animals. Movement Ecology 2:9. AN03566

 Stepanian,PM, Chilson,PB, Kelly,JF, 2014 An introduction to radar image processing in ecology. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5(8):730-738. [Also two online appendices.] AN03577

 Westbrook,JK, Eyster,RS, Wolf,WW, 2014 WSR-88D Doppler radar detection of corn earworm moth migration. International Journal of Biometeorology 58(5):931-940. AN03676

 Wolf,S, McMahon,DP, Lim,KS, Pull,CD, Clark,SJ, Paxton,RJ, Osborne,JL, 2014 So near and yet so far: harmonic radar reveals reduced homing ability of Nosema infected honeybees. PLoS ONE 9(8):e103989. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0103989 (15 pp.) Available online AN03576


Balbuena,MS, Tison,L, Hahn,M-L, Greggers,U, Menzel,R, Farina,WM 2016 Effects of sublethal doses of glyphosate on honeybee navigation. Journal of Experimental Biology 218:2799-2805 doi:10.1242/jeb.117291. AN03596

Bromenshank,JJ, Henderson,CB, Seccomb,RA, Welch,PM, Debnam,SE, Firth,DR 2015 Bees as biosensors: chemosensory ability, honey bee monitoring systems, and emergent sensor technologies derived from the pollinator syndrome. Biosensors 5:678-711. doi:10.3390/bios5040678. NIB00010

Chapman,JW, Nilsson,C Lim,KS, Bäckman,J, Reynolds,DR, Alerstam,T, Reynolds,AM 2015 Detection of flow direction in high-flying insect and songbird migrants. Current Biology 25:R733–R752. [Also supplementary material.] doi:10.1016/j.cub.2015.07.074 AN03595

Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Wilson,K 2015 Long-range seasonal migration in insects: mechanisms, evolutionary drivers and ecological consequences. Ecology Letters 18:287–302. [Also supplementary information.] doi:10.1111/ele.12407 AN03586

Collett,TS, Graham,P 2015 Insect navigation: do honeybees learn to follow highways? Current Biology 25:R240–R241. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.11.003 AN03643

Degen,J, Kirbach,A, Reiter,L, Lehmann,K, Norton,P, Storms,M, Koblofsky,M, Winter,S, Georgieva,PB, Nguyen,H, Chamki,H, Greggers,U, Menzel,R 2015 Exploratory behaviour of honeybees during orientation flights. Animal Behaviour 102:45-57. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.12.030 AN03587

 Gürbüz,SZ 2015 Identification of biological signals with radar. ENRAM Short-Term Scientific Mission Report, 15 pp. European Network for the Radar surveillance of Animal Movement. AN03689

Gürbüz,SZ, Reynolds,DR, Koistinen,J, Liechti,F, Leijnse,H, Shamoun-Baranes,J, Dokter,AM, Kelly,J, Chapman,JW 2015 Exploring the skies: technological challenges in radar aeroecology. Proceedings of the IEEE Radar Conference (RadarCon 2015), 10-15 May 2015, Arlington, VA, USA, 0817-0822. doi:10.1109/RADAR.2015.7131108 AN03593

Hsu,M-L, Jan,S-J, Tsai,Z-M, Wang,H, Chang,F-R, Jau,P-H, Lin,K-Y, Yang,E-C 2015 Portable 9.4/18.8 GHz harmonic radar system Using pulse pseudorandom code principle. Proceedings of the 45th European Microwave Conference, 7-10 September 2015, Paris, France, 885-888. NIB00006

Melnikov,VM, Istok,MJ, Westbrook,JK 2015 Asymmetric radar echo patterns from insects. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32: 659-674. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00247 AN03588

Melnikov,VM, Zrnić,DS, Burgess,DW, Mansell,ER 2015 Vertical extent of thunderstorm inflows revealed by polarimetric radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32: 1860-674. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0096 AN03598

Menzel,M, Greggers,U, 2015 The memory structure of navigation in honeybees. Journal of Comparative Physiology A 201:547–561. AN03590

Rennie,SJ, Curtis,M, Peter, J, Seed, AW, Steinle,PJ, 2015 Bayesian echo classification for Australian single-polarization weather radar with application to assimilation of radial velocity observations. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 32: 1341-1355. AN03621

Stepanian,PM, 2016 Radar polarimetry for biological applications. PhD thesis, School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma. AN03688

Stepanian,PM, Horton,KG, 2015 Extracting migrant flight orientation profiles using polarimetric radar. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing 53(12):6518-6528. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2015.2443131 AN03599

Tahir,N, Brooker,G, 2015 Toward the development of millimeter wave harmonic sensors for tracking small insects. IEEE Sensors Journal 15(10):5669-5676. AN03602


Åkesson,S 2016 Flying with the winds: differential migration strategies in relation to winds in moth and songbirds. Journal of Animal Ecology 85:1-24. [Commentary on Chapman et al. (2016), AN03594.] doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12450 AN03605

Becher,MA, Grimm,V, Knapp,J, Horn,J, Twiston-Davies,G, Osborne,JL 2016 BEESCOUT: A model of bee scouting behaviour and a software tool for characterizing nectar/pollen landscapes for BEEHAVE. Ecological Modelling 340:126-133. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2016.09.013 AN03824

Boiteau,G, Vincent,C 2016 Le radar harmonique portatif pour l‘étude des déplacements d’insectes. Antennae. Bulletin de la société d’entomologie du Québec 23(1):14-17. AN03642 [In French.]

Chapman,JW, Nilsson,C, Lim,KS, Bäckman,J, Reynolds,DR, Alerstam,T 2016 Adaptive strategies in nocturnally migrating insects and songbirds: contrasting responses to wind. Journal of Animal Ecology 85:115-124. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12420 AN03594

Degen,J, Kirbach,A, Reiter,L, Lehmann,K, Norton,P, Storms,M, Koblofsky,M, Winter,S, Georgieva,PB, Nguyen,H, Chamki,H, Meyer,H, Singh,PK, Manz,G, Greggers,U, Menzel,R 2016 Honeybees learn landscape features during exploratory orientation flights. Current Biology 26:2800-2804. NIB00003

Diehl,RH, Valdez,EW, Preston,TM, Wellik,MJ, Cryan,PM 2016 Evaluating the effectiveness of wildlife detection and observation technologies at a solar power tower facility. PLoS ONE 11(7): article e0158115. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158115 AN03832

Drake,VA 2016 Distinguishing target classes in observations from vertically pointing entomological radars. International Journal of Remote Sensing 37(16):3811-3835. doi:10.1080/01431161.2016.1204028 AN03619

 Gürbüz,SZ 2016 Biological echo classification in dual-pol weather radar data. ENRAM Short-Term Scientific Mission Report, 15 pp. European Network for the Radar Surveillance of Animal Movement. AN03687

Hao,Z, 2016 Testing Ideas about Australian Insect Migration using Entomological Radar Observations and a Regional Scale Meteorological Model. PhD thesis, School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW Canberra, University of New South Wales. Available at <>. AN03686

Hu,C, Deng,Y, Wang,R, Liu,C, Long,T 2016 High accuracy acquisition of 3-D flight trajectory of individual insect based on phase measurement. Sensors 16:2166, 17 pp. doi:10.3390/s16122166. AN03685

Hu,G, Lim,KS, Reynolds,DR, Reynolds,AM, Chapman,JW 2016 Wind-related orientation patterns in diurnal, crepuscular and nocturnal high-altitude insect migrants. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 10:32, 8 pp. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00032 AN03611

Hu,G, Lim,KS, Horvitz,N, Clark,SJ, Reynolds,DR, Sapir,N, Chapman,JW 2016 Mass seasonal bioflows of high-flying insect migrants. Science 354:1584-1587. [Also supplementary material.]. doi:10.1126/science.aah4379 AN03625

Jung,M, Kim,J, Kim,HG, Lee,D-H 2016 Effect of harmonic radar tagging on Lycorma delicatula(Hemiptera: Fulgoridae) nymphal mobility and survivorship. Florida Entomologist 99(1):47-51. doi:10.1653/024.099.0109 NIB00005

Kim,J, Jung,M, Kim,HG, Lee,D-H, 2016 Potential of harmonic radar system for use on five economically important insects: Radar tag attachment on insects and its impact on flight capacity. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology 19:371-375. doi:10.1016/j.aspen.2016.03.013 NIB00001

Liu,Y-T, Hsu,M-L, Wang,H, Tsai,Z-M 2016 A differential miniature transponder for 9.4/18.8 GHz harmonic bee searching radar with low gain degradation from bee’s body. International Microwave Symposium, San Francisco, California, USA, 22-27 May 2016. IEEE: Piscataway, New Jersey, USA. 4 pp. NIB00004

Milanesio,D, Saccani,M, Maggiora,R, Laurino,D, Porporato,M 2016 Design of an harmonic radar for the tracking of the Asian yellow-legged hornet. Ecology and Evolution 6(7):2170–2178. doi:10.1002/ece3.2011 AN03644

Morrison,WRIII, Lee,D-H, Short,BD, Khrimian,A, Leskey,TC 2016 Establishing the behavioral basis for an attract-and-kill strategy
to manage the invasive Halyomorpha halys in apple orchards. Journal of Pest Science 89:81–96. doi:10.1007/s10340-015-0679-6. AN03823

Pennisi,E 2016 Like birds, insects may travel in sync with the seasons. Long-term radar studies reveal masses of winged migrants. Science 354:1515. [Commentary on Hu et al. 2016, AN03625.]. doi:10.1126/science.354.6319.1515 AN03625a

Reynolds,AM, Reynolds,DR, Sane,SP, Hu,G, Chapman,JW 2016 Orientation in high-flying migrant insects in relation to flows: mechanisms and strategies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 371:20150392, 12 pp. doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0392 AN03620

Stepanian,PM, Horton,KG, Melnikov,VM, Zrnić,DS, Gauthreaux,GAJr 2016 Dual-polarization radar products for biological applications. Ecosphere 7(11):e01539, 27 pp. [Also supporting information.] doi:10.1002/ecs2.1539 AN03622.

Tison,L, Hahn,M-L, Holtz,S, Rößner,A, Greggers,U, Bischoff,G, Menzel,R 2016 Honey bees’ behavior is impaired by chronic exposure to the neonicotinoid thiacloprid in the field. Environmental Science and Technology 50:7218–7227. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02658 AN03646.

Woodgate,JL, Makinson,JC, Lim,KS, Reynolds,AM, Chittka,L 2016 Life-long radar tracking of bumblebees. PLoS ONE 11(8):e0160333. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0160333 AN03665.


Bauer,S, Chapman,JW, Reynolds,DR, Alves,JA, Dokter,AM, Menz,MMH, Sapir,N, Ciach,M, Pettersson,LB, Kelly,JF, Leijnse,H, Shamoun-Baranes,J 2017 From agricultural benefits to aviation safety: realizing the potential of continent-Wide radar networks. BioScience 67(10):912–918. doi:10.1093/biosci/bix074 AN03641

Blaauw,BR, Morrison,WR, Mathews,C, Leskey,TC, Nielsen,AL 2017 Measuring host plant selection and retention of Halyomorpha halys by a trap crop. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 163(2):197-208. doi:10.1111/eea.12571. AN03651

Bluestein,HB, Wienhoff,ZB, Turner,DD, Reif,DW, Snyder,J, Thiem,KJ, Houser,JB 2017 A comparison of the finescale structures of a prefrontal wind-shift line and a strong cold front in the southern plains of the United States. Monthly Weather Review 145:3307-3330. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-16-0403.1. AN03696

Boulanger,Y, Fabry,F, Kilambi,A, Pureswaran,DS, Sturtevant,BR, Saint-Amant,R 2017 The use of weather surveillance radar and high-resolution three-dimensional weather data to monitor a spruce budworm mass exodus flight. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 234:127-135. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.12.018. AN03661

 Chapman,JW, Drake,VA 2017 Insect migration. In Reference Module in Life Sciences, 8 pp. Elsevier: Oxford. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-809633-8.01248-6. AN03624

 Drake,VA, Bruderer,B 2017 Aeroecological observation methods. Pp. 201-237 in Aeroecology (PB Chilson, WF Frick, JF Kelly, & F Liechti, eds) Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_9 AN03655

Drake,VA, Chapman,JW, Lim,KS, Reynolds,DR, Riley,JR, Smith,AD 2017 Ventral-aspect radar cross-sections and polarization patterns of insects at X-band and their relation to size and form. International Journal of Remote Sensing 38:5022-5044. [Also two datasets.] doi:10.1080/01431161.2017.1320453 AN03627

Hao,Z, Drake,VA, Sidhu,L, Taylor,JR 2017 Locust displacing winds in eastern Australia reassessed with observations from an insect monitoring radar. International Journal of Biometeorology 61:2073-2084. doi:10.1007/s00484-017-1404-3 AN03632

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Liu,C, Zhang,T, Li,W 2017 Accurate insect orientation extraction based on polarization scattering matrix estimation. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 14(10):1755-1759. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2017.2733719 AN03652

Melnikov,V, Zrnić,DS 2017 Observations of convective thermals with weather radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 34:1585-1590. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0068.1 [Also supplementary files.] AN03634

Milanesio,D, Saccani,M, Maggiora,R, Laurino,D, Porporato,M 2017 Recent upgrades of the harmonic radar for the tracking of the Asian yellow-legged hornet. Ecology and Evolution 7(13):4599–4606. doi:10.1002/ece3.3053 AN03645

 Reynolds,DR, Chapman,JW, Drake,VA 2017 Riders on the wind: the aeroecology of insect migrants. Pp. 145-177 in Aeroecology (PB Chilson, WF Frick, JF Kelly, & F Liechti, eds) Springer, Cham, Switzerland. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-68576-2_7 AN03654

Wainwright,CE, Stepanian,PM, Reynolds,DR, Reybnolds,AM 2017 The movement of small insects in the convective boundary layer: linking patterns to processes. Scientific Reports 7:5438, 8 pp. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-04503-0 AN03631

Wang,R, Hu,C, Fu,X, Long,T, Zeng,T 2017 Micro-Doppler measurement of insect wing-beat frequencies with W-band coherent radar. Scientific Reports 7:1396, 8 pp. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-01616-4 AN03647

Westbrook,JK, Eyster,RS 2017 Doppler weather radar detects emigratory flights of noctuids during a major pest outbreak. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment 8:64-70. doi:10.1016/j.rsase.2017.07.009 AN03649

Woodgate,JL, Makinson,JC, Lim,KS, Reynolds,AM, Chittka,L 2017 Continuous radar tracking illustrates the development of multi-destination routes of bumblebees. Scientific Reports 7(8):17323. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-17553-1 AN03638.


Bauer,S Shamoun-Baranes,J, Nilsson,C, Farnsworth,A, Kelly,JF, Reynolds,DR, Dokter,A, Krauel,JF, Pettersen,LB, Horton,KG, Chapman,JW 2018 The grand challenges of migration ecology that radar aeroecology can help answer. Ecography42(5):861-875. doi:10.1111/ecog.04083 AN03672

Banghoff,JR, Stensrud,DJ, Kumjian,MR 2018 Convective boundary layer depth estimation from S-band dual-polarization radar. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 35:1723-1733. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0210.1 AN03695

Degen,J, Hovestadt,T, Storms,M, Menzel,R 2018 Exploratory behavior of re-orienting foragers differs from other flight patterns of honeybees. PLoS ONE 13(8):e0202171. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0202171 AN03679

Hu,C, Kong,S, Wang,R, Long,T, Fu,X 2018 Identification of migratory insects from their physical features using a decision-tree support vector machine and its application to radar entomology. Scientific Reports 8: article 5449 (11 pp.). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23825-1 AN03693

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Li,Y, Li,W, Zhang,T 2018 Insect flight speed estimation analysis based on a full-polarization radar. Science China Information Sciences 61:109306 (3 pp.). doi:10.1007/s11432-018-9484-2 AN03663

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Liu,C, Yuan,Q, Sun,P 2018 Accurate insect body length extraction based on the invariant target parameters. IEEE International Conference on Computation Electromagnetics (ICCEM 2018), Chengdu, China, 26-28 March 2018. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. (3 pp.). doi:10.1109/COMPEM.2018.8496592 AN03670

Hubbert,JC, Wilson,JW, Weckwerth,TM, Ellis,SM, Dixon,M, Loew,E 2018 S-Pol’s polarimetric data reveal detailed storm features (and insect behavior). Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 99(10):2045-2060. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-17-0317.1 (also 4 supplement files) AN03684

Kho,J-W, Jung,M, Lee,D-H 2018 Evaluating the efficacy of two insect detection methods with Riptortus pedestris (Hemiptera: Alydidae): portable harmonic radar system and fluorescent marking system. Pest Management Science 75(1):224-233. doi:10.1002/ps.5106 AN03698

Kilambi,A, Fabry,F, Meunier,V 2018 A simple and effective method for separating meteorological from nonmeteorological targets using dual-polarization data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology35(7):1415-1424. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0175.1 AN03683

Landgraf,T, Bierbach,D, Kirbach, Cusing,R, Oertel,M, Lehmann,K, Greggers,U, Menzel,R, Rojas,R 2018 Dancing honey bee robot elicits dance-following and recruits foragers. arXiv:1803.07126v1 [cs.RO]. AN03680

Poffo,DA, Beccacece,HM, Caranti,GM, Comes,RA, Drewniak,ME, Martina,A, Zapata,AI, Rodriguez,A, Saffe,JN 2018 Migration monitoring of Ascia monuste (Lepidoptera) and Schistocerca cancellata (Orthoptera) in Argentina using RMA1 weather radar. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 145(B):340-348. doi:10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2018.05.011 AN03659

Rennie,S, Steinle,PJ, Seed,AW, Curtis,M, Xiao,Y 2018 Assessment of Doppler radar radial wind observation quality from different echo sources for assimilation during the Sydney 2014 Forecast Demonstration Project. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 36:1605-1620. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-17-0183.1 AN03753

 Reynolds,DR, Chapman,JW 2018 Long-range migration and orientation behavior. Pp. 98-115 in Insect Behavior: From Mechanisms to Ecological and Evolutionary Consequences (Cordoba-Aguilar,A, Gonzalez-Tokman,D, & Gonzalez-Santoyo,I, eds) Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. doi:10.1093/oso/9780198797500.003.0007 AN03682

Stepanian,PM, Mirkovic,D, Chilson,PB 2018 A polarimetric Doppler radar time-series simulator for biological applications. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 4(4):285-302. doi:10.1002/rse2.80 AN03692

Tsai,Z-M, Cheng,T-W, Wang,H, Lin,J-Y, Lian,F-L, Ting,C, Yang,E-C 2018 A light weight transponder for bee searching harmonic radar. 2018 IEEE 7th Asia-Pacific Conference on Antennas and Propagation (APCAP 2018), Auckland, New Zealand, 5-8 August 2018. IEEE: Piscataway, NJ, USA. (3 pp.). doi:10.1109/APCAP.2018.8538140 AN03767

Witze,A 2018 Mass migrations. Researchers are asking big questions about animal movements by tracking tiny insects in flight Science News 193(7):22-25. Available online NIB00012


Alzaabi,OS, 2019 Airborne Insect Radar Scattering Characterization Using Electromagnetic Modeling. PhD thesis, Electrical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University. Abstract available at <>. AN03822

Becciu,P, Menz,MHM, Aurbach,A, Cabrera-Cruz,SA, Wainwright,CE, Scacco,M, Ciach,M, Pettersson,LB, Maggini,I, Arroyo,GM, Buler,JJ, Reynolds,DR, Sapir,N 2019 Environmental effects on flying migrants revealed by radar. Ecography 42(5):942-955. doi:10.1111/ecog.03995 AN03702

Bottigliero,S, Milanesio,D, Saccani,M, Maggiora,R, Viscardi,A, Gallesi,MM 2019 An innovative harmonic radar prototype for miniaturized lightweight passive tags tracking. In 2019 IEEE Radar Conference (RadarConf19), Boston, MA, USA, 22-26 April 2019. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 6 pp. doi:10.1109/RADAR.2019.8835705 AN03734

Cai,J, Yuan,Q, Wang,R, Liu,C, Zhang,T 2019 Insect detection and density estimation based on a Ku-band scanning entomological radar. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0600 AN03725

Cui,K, Hu,C, Wang,R, Li,S, Wu,D, Ma,S 2019 Extracting vertical distribution of aerial migratory animals using weather radar. In 2019 International Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Symposium – China (ACES), Nanjing, China, 8-11 August 2019. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 2pp. doi:10.23919/ACES48530.2019.9060648 AN03755

Cui,K, Hu,C, Wang,R, Li,S, Wu,D, Ma,S 2019 Quantifying insect migration across Bohai strait using weather radar. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0197 AN03712

Drake,VA, Wang,H 2019 Ascent and descent rates of high-flying insect migrants determined with a non-coherent vertical beam entomological radar. International Journal of Remote Sensing 40(3):883-904. doi:10.1080/01431161.2018.1519283 AN03681

Fang,L, Zhou,C, Wang,R, Hu,C 2019 RCS feature-aided insect target tracking algorithm. Journal of Radars 8(5):598–605. doi:10.12000/JR19067 [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03810

Hao,Z, Drake,VA, Taylor,JR 2019 Resolving the heading‐direction ambiguity in vertical‐beam radar observations of migrating insects. Ecology and Evolution 9:6003-6013. doi:10.1002/ece3.5184 AN03704

Hu,C, Cui,K, Wang,R, Long,T, Ma,S, Wu,K 2019 A retrieval method of vertical profiles of reflectivity for migratory animals using weather radar. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 58(2):1030-1040. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2019.2942993 AN03727

Hüppop,O, Ciach,M Diehl,R, Reynolds,DR, Stepanian,PM, Menz,MHM 2019 Perspectives and challenges for the use of radar in biological conservation. Ecography 42(5):912-930. doi:10.1111/ecog.04063 AN03669

Hu,C, Kong,S, Wang,R, Zhang,F 2019 Radar measurements of morphological parameters and species identification analysis of migratory insects. Remote Sensing 11: article 1977 (19 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs11171977 AN03714

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Long,R, Liu,C, Drake,VA 2019 Insect biological parameter estimation based on the invariant target parameters of the scattering matrix. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing 57(8):6212-6225. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2019.2904869 AN03701

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Zhang,T, Li,W 2019 Insect speed extraction method based on a high resolution and full polarisation radar with vertical-looking mode. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0385 AN03707

Jatau,P, Melnikov,V 2019 Classifying bird and insect radar echoes at S-band. American Meteorological Society 99th Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ, USA, 6-10 January 2019; paper 830, 31 pp.

Kirkpatrick,DM, Rice,KB, Ibrahim,A, Morrison,WB, Leskey,TC 2019 Influence of harmonic radar tag attachment on nymphal Halyomorpha halys mobility, survivorship, and detectability. Entomologia Experimentalis Et Applicata 167(12):1020–1029. doi:10.1111/eea.12861 AN03769

Kong,S, Wang,R, Lang,T, Liu,C 2019 Measurement of insect mass based on ellipsoid scattering model. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018. 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0499 AN03722

LeNaour,A, Baeta,R, Sansault,E, Deville,M, Pincebourde,S 2019 Telemetry reveals the habitat selected by immature dragonflies: implications for conservation of the threatened dragonfly Leucorrhinia caudalis (Odonata: Anisoptera). Journal of Insect Conservation 23:147-155. doi:10.1007/s10841-018-00123-9 AN03699

Li,W, Hu,C, Wang,R, Liu,C, Li,W 2019 Experimental validations of insect orientation extraction based on fully polarimetric measurement. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0680 AN03723

Maggiora,R, Saccani,M, Milanesio,D, Porporato,M 2019 An innovative harmonic radar to track flying insects: the case of Vespa velutina. Scientific Reports 9 article 11694. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-48511-8 AN03713

Makinson,JC, Woodgate,JL, Reynolds,A, Capaldi,E, Perry,CJ, Chittka,L 2019 Harmonic radar tracking reveals random dispersal pattern of bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) queens after hibernation. Scientific Reports 9 article 4651. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-40355-6 AN03700

Menzel,R, Tison,L, Fischer-Nakai,J, Cheeseman,JF, Balbuena,MS, Chen,X, Landgraf,T, Petrasch,J, Polster,J, Greggers,U 2019 Guidance of navigating honeybees by learned elongated ground structures. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 12 article 322. doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00322 AN03677

Mirkovic,D, Stepanian,PM, Wainwright,CE, Reynolds,DR, Menz,MHM 2019 Characterizing animal anatomy and internal composition for electromagnetic modelling in radar entomology. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 5(2):169-179. doi:10.1002/rse2.94 AN03664

Mumtaz,F, Ram,SS, Purandare,SR 2019 S/C band harmonic radar for honey bee detection. In 2019 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave and RF Conference (IMARC), Mumbai, India, 13-15 December 2019. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 5pp. doi:10.1109/IMaRC45935.2019.9118776 AN03772

Otuka,A 2019 Migration analyses and predictions for migratory insect pests toward Japan. Pp. 103-119 in 2018 International Symposium on Proactive Technologies for Enhancement of Integrated Pest Management of Key Crops, xx, Taiwan, xx-xx xxx 2018. Special Publication of TARI No. 215. Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute: Taiching City, Taiwan. AN03697

Otuka,A, Matsumura,M, Tokuda,M 2019 Development of method to forecast soybean leaf damage by common cutworm using entomological radar and searchlight trap. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 3 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0597 AN03731

Rogers,RM, Buler,JJ, Wainwright,CE, Campbell,HA 2019 Opportunities and challenges in using weather radar for detecting and monitoring flying animals in the Southern Hemisphere. Austral Ecology 45:127-136. doi:10.1111/aec.12823 AN03715

Schmid,B, Zaugg,S, Votier,SC, Chapman,JW, Boos,M, Liechti,F. 2019 Size matters in quantitative radar monitoring of animal migration: estimating monitored volume from wingbeat frequency. Ecography 42(5):931-941. doi:10.1111/ecog.04025 AN03709

Shamoun-Baranes,J, Nilsson,C, Bauer,S, Chapman,J 2019 Taking radar aeroecology into the 21st century. Ecography 42:847-851. doi:10.1111/ecog.04582 AN03705

Stone,M 2019 The new buzz: scientists are using weather radar to devise detailed bug maps. Washington Post 23 September 2019. Click to view. AN03827

Wainwright,CE, Stepanian,PM, Reynolds,DR, Reynolds,AM 2019 Investigating vertical motion of small insects in atmospheric boundary layer using millimetre-wavelength radar and Doppler LIDAR. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0596 AN03729

Wang,R, Hu,C, Liu,C, Long,T, Kong,S, Lang,T, Gould,PJL, Lim,J, Wu,K 2019 Migratory insect multifrequency radar cross sections for morphological parameter estimation. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 57(6):3450-3461. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2018.2884926 AN03671

Wang,Y, Wang,R, Cui,K, Tian,W, Wu,D, Ma,S 2019 Insect trajectory simulation method based on radar observation. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 5 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0599 AN03726

Wotton,KR, Gao,B, Menz,MHM, Morris,RKA, Ball,SG, Lim,KaS, Reynolds,DR, Hu,G, Chapman,JW 2019 Mass seasonal migrations of hoverflies provide extensive pollination and crop protection services. Current Biology 29:2167-2173. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.05.036 AN03706

Yang,J, Shen,Y, Cai,L, Tong,KF, Lim,KS, Reynolds,A, & Rawlings,C 2019 Development of millimeter-wave FMCW vertical-looking entomological radar system. In IEEE International Workshop on Electromagnetics: Applications and Student Innovation Competition (iWEM 2019), Qingdao, China 18-20 September 2019. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 2 pp. doi:10.1109/iWEM.2019.8887884 AN03735

Zhang,T, Liu,X, Hu,C, Wang,R, Liu,C, Li,W 2019 Insect wing-beat frequency automatic extraction and experimental verification with a Ku-band insect radar system. In The Journal of Engineering, papers from IET International Radar Conference (IRC 2018), Nanjing, China, 17-19 October 2018, 4 pp. doi:10.1049/joe.2019.0653 AN03724


Abd El-Ghany,NM, Abd El-Aziz,SE, Marei,SS 2020 A review: application of remote sensing as a promising strategy for insect pests and diseases management. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 27:33503–33515. doi:10.1007/s11356-020-09517-2 AN03763

Ala,R, Colpitts,BG, Kozma,N 2020 Evaluation and improvement of the performance of harmonic RADAR transponders. Pp. 659-664 in Proceedings, 2020 International Radar Conference, virtual, 28-30 April 2020. IEEEXplore Digital Library. doi:10.1109/RADAR42522.2020.9114545 AN03768

Balogh,SL, Björklund,N, Huber,DPW, Lindgren,BS 2020 Random and directed movement by warren root collar weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), relative to size and distance of host lodgepole pine trees. Journal of Insect Science 20(4): article 9 (12 pp.). doi:10.1093/jisesa/ieaa063 AN03811

Dore,A, Henry,D, Aubert,H, Lihoreau,M 2020 3D trajectories of multiple untagged flying insects from millimetre-wave beamscanning radar. Pp. 1209-1210 in Proceedings, 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and North American Radio Science Meeting, Montreal, QC, Canada, 5-10 July 2020. IEEEXplore Digital Library. doi:10.1109/IEEECONF35879.2020.9329732 AN03812

Drake,VA, Hatty,S, Symons,C, Wang,H 2020 Insect Monitoring Radar: maximizing performance and utility. Remote Sensing 12: article 596 (21 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12040596 AN03749

 Dwivedi,M, Shadab,MH, Santosh,VR 2020 Insect pest detection, migration and monitoring using radar and LiDAR systems. Pp. 61-76 in Innovative Pest Management Approaches for the 21st Century (Chakravarthy,AK, ed.) Springer, Singapore. doi:10.1007/978-981-15-0794-6_4 AN03764

Gao,B, Wotton,KB, Hawkes,WLS, Menz,MHM, Reynolds,DR, Zhai,BP, Hu,G, Chapman,JW 2020 Adaptive strategies of high-flying migratory hoverflies in response to wind currents. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 287: article 20200406 (9 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12030545 AN03756

Gauthreaux,SA, Diehl,R 2020 Discrimination of biological scatterers in polarimetric weather radar data: opportunities and challenges. Remote Sensing 12: article 545 (34 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12030545 AN03746

Hansen,HH, Pegg,M, Van Den Broeke,M, Watkinson,D, Enders,EC 2020 An unseen synchrony or recurrent resource pulse opportunity? linking fisheries with aeroecology. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation 6(3):366-380. doi:10.1002/rse2.147 AN03748

Hao,Z, Drake,VA, Taylor,JR, Warrant,E 2020 Insect target classes discerned from entomological radar data. Remote Sensing 12: article 673 (18 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12040673 AN03752

Hu,C, Fang,L, Wang,R, Zhou,C, Li,W, Zhang,F, Lang,T, Long,T 2020 Analysis of insect RCS characteristics. Journal of Electronics and Information Technology 42(1):140-153. doi:10.11999/JEIT190611 [In Chinese, English abstract.] AN03814

Hu,C, Kong,S, Wang,R, Zhang,F, Wang,L 2020 Insect mass estimation based on radar cross section parameters and support vector regression algorithm. Remote Sensing 12:1903. doi:10.3390/rs12111903 AN03757

Hu,C, Li,W, Wang,R, Long,T, Drake,VA 2020 Discrimination of parallel and perpendicular insects based on relative phase of scattering matrix eigenvalues. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing 58(6):3927-3940. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2019.2959622 AN03742

Kong,S, Hu,C, Wang,R, Zhang,F, Wang,L, Long,T, 2020 Insect multifrequency polarimetric radar cross section: experimental results and analysis. IEEE Transactions on Geosciences and Remote Sensing [early access]. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2020.3025293 AN03807

Lavrenko,A, Litchfield,B, Woodward,G, Pawson,S 2020 Design and evaluation of a compact harmonic transponder for insect tracking. IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters 30(4):445-448. doi:10.1109/LMWC.2020.2972744 AN03751

Li,M, Wang,R, Hu,C 2020 Applicability analysis of polarization calibration methods for entomological radar. In IEEE International Conference on Signal, Information and Data Processing (ICSIDP), 11-13 December, 2019, Chongqing, China. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 5 pp. doi:10.1109/ICSIDP47821.2019.9173441 AN03761

Long,T, Hu,C, Wang,R, Zhang,T, Kong,S, Li,W, Cai,J, Tian,W, Zeng,T 2020 Entomological radar overview: system and signal processing. IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine 35(1):20-32. doi:10.1109/MAES.2019.2955575 AN03762

Mao,H, Wang,R, Hu,C, Yang,J 2020 Fully polarimetric radar observing insects flight. In IEEE International Conference on Signal, Information and Data Processing (ICSIDP), 11-13 December, 2019, Chongqing, China. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 4 pp. doi:10.1109/ICSIDP47821.2019.9172916 AN03760

Milanesio,D, Bottigliero,S, Saccani,M, Maggiora,R, Viscardi,A, Gallesi,MM 2020 An harmonic radar prototype for insect tracking in harsh environments. Pp. 648-653 in 2020 IEEE International Radar Conference, virtual, 28-30 April 2020. IEEEXplore Digital Library. doi:10.1109/RADAR42522.2020.9114540 AN03759

Rennie,S, Rikus,L, Eizenberg,N, Steinle,P, Krysta,M 2020 Impact of Doppler radar wind observations on Australian high-resolution numerical weather prediction. Weather and Forecasting 35(2):309-324. doi:10.1175/WAF-D-19-0100.1 AN03773

Souza Cunha,AE, Rose,J, Prior,J, Aumann,HM, Emanetoglu,NW, Drummond,FA 2020 A novel non-invasive radar to monitor honey bee colony health. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 170(2): article 105241 (11 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.compag.2020.105241 AN03813

Stepanian,PM, Entrekin,SA, Wainwright,CE, Mirkovic,D, Tank,JL, Kelly,JF 2020 Declines in an abundant aquatic insect, the burrowing mayfly, across major North American waterways. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 117(6):2987-2992. doi:10.1073/pnas.1913598117 AN03743

Stepanian,PM, Wainwright,CE 2020 Coupling atmospheric and biological remote sensing to investigate boundary‐layer evolution and animal flight behavior as affected by the 2017 North American solar eclipse. Remote Sensing 12 article 591 (9 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12040591 AN03747

Storz,G, Lavrenko,A 2020 Compact low-cost FMCW harmonic radar for short range insect tracking. Pp. 642-647 in 2020 International Radar Conference, virtual, 28-30 April 2020. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 6 pp. doi:10.1109/RADAR42522.2020.9114612 AN03754

Wainwright,CE, Reynolds,DR, Reynolds,A 2020 Linking small-scale flight manoeuvers and density profiles to the vertical movement of insects in the nocturnal stable boundary layer. Scientific Reports 10:1019, 11 pp. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-57779-0 AN03744

Wang,R, Cai,J, Hu,C, Zhou,C, Zhang,T 2020 A novel radar detection method for sensing tiny and maneuvering insect migrants. Remote Sensing 12:3238 (16 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs12193238 AN03802

Yang,L, Wang,Y, Wang,Z, Yang,Q, Fan,X, Tao,F, Zhen,Z, Yang,Z 2020 Automatic identification of clear-air echoes based on millimeter-wave cloud radar measurements. Advances in Atmospheric Sciemces 37(8):912–924. doi: 10.1007/s00376-020-9270-z AN03765

Zhang,Z-Y, Zha,Y-P, Cai,S-S, Hong,C-H, Liang,P, Chen,J-Y 2020 Application of harmonic radar to analyze dispersal behavior of the Japanese pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Entomological Research 50:50-58. doi: 10.1111/1748-5967.12411 AN03745

Zulkifli,S, Balleri,A 2020 FMCW radar prototype development for detection and classification of nano-targets. Pp. 738-743 in 2020 International Radar Conference, virtual, 28-30 April 2020. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 6 pp. doi:10.1109/RADAR42522.2020.9114824 AN03766


Ala,R, Colpitts,BG 2021 Development of extra low mass harmonic radar transponders. In IEEE 19th International Symposium on Antenna Technology and Applied Electromagnetics (ANTEM), 8-11 August, 2021, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 2 pp. doi:10.1109/ANTEM51107.2021.9518747 AN03830

Alzaabi,O, Al-Khaldi,MM, Ayotte,K, Peñaloza,D, Urbina,J, Breakall,JK, Lanagan,M, Patch,HM, Grozinger,CM 2021 Numerical modeling and measurement of Apis mellifera radar scattering properties. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters xx(xx):xx–xx. doi:10.1109/LGRS.2020.3048654 AN03825

Brebner,JS, Makinson,JC, Bates,OK, Rossi,N, Lim,KaS, Dubois,T, Gómez-Moracho,T, Lihoreau,M, Chittka,L, Woodgate,JL 2021 Bumble bees strategically use ground level linear features in navigation. Animal Behaviour 179:147–160. doi:/10.1016/j.anbehav.2021.07.003 AN03829

Drake,VA, Hao,Z, Warrant,E 2021 Heading variations resolve the heading-direction ambiguity in vertical-beam radar observations of insect migration. International Journal of Remote Sensing 42(10):3873–3898. doi:10.1080/01431161.2021.1883202 AN03808

Hu,X, Ge,J, Du,J, Li,Q, Huang,J, Fu,Q 2021 A robust low-level cloud and clutter discrimination method for ground-based millimeter-wavelength cloud radar. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 14: 1743–1759. doi:10.5194/amt-14-1743-2021 AN03806

Kannan,BAM, Meenatchinathan,N, Saikrishnan,KC, Madhusoodanan,MS, Singh,V, Giri,RK, Sreejith,OP, Singh,VP, Meena,P 2021 Challenges in radar remote monitoring of locust swarm movements – case study using IMD Doppler weather radar observations: 25 May & 27 June 2020 episodes. [Conference paper, no details available.] Available online at <>. AN03809

Lavrenko,A, Barry,Z, Norman,R, Frazer,C, Ma,Y, Woodward,G, Pawson,S 2021 Autonomous swarm of UAVs for tracking of flying insects with harmonic radar. In The 2021 IEEE 93rd Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC2021-Spring, virtual, 25-28 April 2021. IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, USA. IEEEXplore Digital Library. 5 pp. doi:10.1109/vtc2021-spring51267.2021.9449074. AN03818

Li,W, Hu,C, Wang,R, Kong,S, Zhang,F 2021 Comprehensive analysis of polarimetric radar cross-section parameters for insect body width and length estimation. Science China Information Sciences 64: article 122302 (11 pp.). doi:10.1007/s11432-020-3010-6 AN03801

Lioy,S, Laurino,D, Riccardo Maggiora,R, Milanesio,D, Saccani,M, Mazzoglio,PJ, Manino,A, Porporato,M 2021 Tracking the invasive hornet Vespa velutina in complex environments by means of a harmonic radar. Scientific Reports 11: article 12143 (10 pp.). doi:10.1038/s41598-021-91541-4 AN03826

Liu,D, Zhao,S, Yang,X, Wang,R, Cang,X, Zhang,H, Hu,C, Wyckhuys,KAG, Wu,K 2021 Radar monitoring unveils migration dynamics of the yellow-spined bamboo locust (Orthoptera: Arcypteridae). Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 187: article 106306 (10 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.compag.2021.106306 AN03828

Noskov,A, Bendix,J, Friess,N 2021 A review of insect monitoring approaches with special reference to radar techniques. Sensors 21(4): article 1474 (23 pp.). doi:10.3390/s21041474 AN03803

Nussbaumer,R, Schmid,B, Bauer,S, Liechti,F 2021 A Gaussian mixture model to separate birds and insects in single-polarization weather radar data. Remote Sensing 13(4): article 1989 (11 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs13101989 AN03820

Shi,X, Schmid,B, Tschanz,P, Segelbacher,G, Liechti,F 2021 Seasonal trends in movement patterns of birds and insects
aloft simultaneously recorded by radar. Remote Sensing 13: article 1839 (11 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs13091839 AN03819

Tielens,EK, Cimprich,PM, Clark,BA, DiPilla,AM, Kelly,JK, Mirkovic,D, Strand,AI, Zhai,M, Stepanian,PM 2021 Nocturnal city lighting elicits a macroscale response from an insect outbreak population. Biology Letters 17(4): article 20200808 (5 pp.). doi:10.1098/rsbl.2020.0808 AN03815

Wang,R, Zhang,T, Hu,C, Cai,J, Li,W 2021 Digital detection and tracking of tiny migratory insects using vertical-looking radar and ascent and descent rate observation. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing [online early] (15 pp.). doi:10.1109/TGRS.2021.3071934 AN03816

Wang,R, Zhang,Y, Tian,W, Cai,J, Hu,C, Zhang,T 2021 Fast implementation of insect multi-target detection based on multimodal optimization. Remote Sensing 13: article 594 (22 pp.). doi:10.3390/rs13040594 AN03804

Williams,CR, Johnson,KL, Giangrande,SE, Hardin,JC, Öktem,R, and Romps,DM 2021 Identifying insects, clouds, and precipitation using vertically pointing polarimetric radar Doppler velocity spectra. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 14:4425–4444. doi:10.5194/amt-14-4425-2021 AN03805

Woodgate,JL, Makinson,JC, Rossi,N, Lim,KaS, Reynolds,AM, Rawlings,CJ, Chittka,L 2021 Harmonic radar tracking reveals that honeybee drones navigate between multiple aerial leks. iScience xx: article 102499 (13+5 pp. + supplementary information 16 pp.). doi:10.1016/j.isci.2021.102499 AN03821

This bibliography is compiled jointly by Alistair Drake and Don Reynolds. The compilers believe it to be complete. If you are aware of additional publications that should be included, please advise Alistair at

This page last revised 2021Sep013.